One of the issues that arose during the negotiations of the act was the management of Alaska Native subsistence rights to land. The topic proved too difficult to settle quickly, and so negotiations over subsistence rights were deferred to later committees and commissions. Since 1971 to the present, the protection of Alaska Native subsistence rights have not been settled. In effect Indigenous Peoples in Alaska were barred subsistence hunting and gathering on federal, state, and private lands that were not in indigenous control. Alaska Natives found that the 44 million acres spread across the state were too small and not configured properly to sustain their subsistence needs.
5 More Things You Thought You Knew About American Indians