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Saturday, January 16, 2016

Native American Languages: History, Reclamation, and Examples

We have a very different experience bring in our own country/on our own land and not allowed to speak our languages.  From Wikipedia: The Native American Languages Act of 1990 is the short cited title for executive order PUBLIC LAW 101-477 enacted by Congress on October 30, 1990. Public Law 101-477 of 1990 gave historical importance as repudiating past policies of eradicating Indian Languages by declaring as policy that Native Americans were entitled to use their own languages. The fundamental basis of the policy's declaration was that the United States "declares to preserve, protect and promote the rights and freedoms of Native Americans to use practice and develop Native American Languages". In addition, to "fully recognize the right of Indian Tribes and other Native American governing bodies, States, territories, and possessions of the United States to take action on, and give official status to their Native American languages for the purpose of conducting their own business".

Language reclamation is a big deal across nations.

Wampanoag http://www.wlrp.org/
http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/films/we-still-live-here/
http://ourmothertongues.org/language/Wampanoag/12
https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/awakening-sleeping-language-cape-cod-wampanoag-language
Reclaiming the language

Nipumuc http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/weshallremain/native_now/language_nipmuc

Narragansett https://www.facebook.com/narragansettlanguage

Taino http://www.taino-tribe.org/tedict.html
http://www.timeforkids.com/destination/puerto-rico/native-lingo


And then there is the interesting history piece - destroying the language

Code Talkers (many are from boarding schools where they were not allowed to speak their language) http://navajocodetalkers.org/
http://history1900s.about.com/od/worldwarii/a/navajacode.htm

And, developing the language

Cherokee/Sequoyah http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/Facts/SequoyahandtheCherokeeSyllabary.aspx
http://www.manataka.org/page81.html

And, being bilingual


I Love You in multiple languages https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjtHXRyZhGs

Bilingual songs (I picked well known popular ones)